What you need to know
Barbers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists provide haircutting, hairstyling, and a range of other beauty services.
Barbers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists work mostly in a barbershop or salon. Physical stamina is important because they are on their feet for most of their shift. Many work full time, but part-time positions are also common.
Some of the things a barber, hair stylist, and cosmetologist might do:
- Inspect and analyze hair, skin, and scalp to recommend treatment
- Discuss hairstyle options
- Wash, color, lighten, and condition hair
- Chemically change hair textures
- Cut, dry, and style hair
- Receive payments from clients
- Clean and disinfect all tools and work areas
- Creativity: Barbers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists must keep up with the latest trends and be ready to try new hairstyles for their clients.
- Customer-service skills: Workers must be pleasant, friendly, and able to interact with customers in order to retain clients.
- Listening skills: Barbers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists should be good listeners. They must listen carefully to what the client wants in order to make sure that the client is happy with the result.
- Physical stamina: Barbers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists must be able to stand on their feet for long periods.
- Tidiness: Workers must keep a neat personal appearance and keep their work area clean and sanitary. This requirement is necessary for the health and safety of their clients and for making clients comfortable enough so that they will want to return.
- Time-management skills: Barbers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists need to manage their time efficiently when scheduling appointments and providing services. For example, routine haircuts do not require the precise timing of some other services, such as applying neutralizer after a permanent wave. Clients who receive timely hair care are more likely to return.
The average pay for barbers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists in the United States ranges from $9.27 an hour to $25.29 an hour as of May 2018.
The specific pay depends on factors such as level of experience, education and training, geographic location, and specific industry.
Employment of barbers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists is projected to grow 13 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations.
The need for barbers will stem primarily from an increasing population, which will lead to greater demand for basic hair care services. In addition, demand for hair coloring, hair straightening, and other advanced hair treatments has risen in recent years, a trend that is expected to continue over the coming decade.
A high school diploma or equivalent is required for some positions. In addition, every state requires that barbers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists complete a program in a state-licensed barber or cosmetology school.
These programs are mainly found in postsecondary vocational schools and typically lead to a postsecondary non-degree award or certificate. Most of these workers take advanced courses in hairstyling or in other personal appearance services to keep up with the latest trends. Those who want to open their own business also may take courses in sales and marketing.