What you need to know
College professors, instruct students in a wide variety of academic and career and technical subjects beyond the high school level. They may also conduct research and publish scholarly papers and books.
Most college professors work in public and private colleges and universities, professional schools, and junior or community colleges. Outside of class time, their schedules are generally flexible, and they may spend that time in administrative duties, advising students, and conducting research.
Some of the things a college professors might do:
- Teach courses in their subject area
- Work with students who are taking classes to improve their knowledge or career skills
- Develop an instructional plan (known as a course outline or syllabus) for the course(s) they teach and ensure that it meets college and department standards
- Plan lessons and assignments
- Work with colleagues to develop or modify the curriculum for a degree or certificate program involving a series of courses
- Assess students’ progress by grading assignments, papers, exams, and other work
- Advise students about which classes to take and how to achieve their goalsStay informed about changes and innovations in their field
- Critical-thinking skills. To challenge established theories and beliefs, conduct original research, and design experiments, college professors need to apply analyses and logic to arrive at sound conclusions.
- Interpersonal skills. College professors need to be able to work well with others and must have good communication skills to serve on committees and give lectures.
- Resourcefulness. College professors need to be able to present information in a way that students will understand. They need to adapt to the different learning styles of their students and teach students who have little or no experience with the subject.
- Speaking skills. College professors need good verbal skills to give lectures.
- Writing skills. College professors need to be skilled writers to publish original research and analysis.
The average pay for college professors in the United States ranges from $40,480 to $174,960 as of May 2019.
The specific pay depends on factors such as level of experience, education and training, geographic location, and specific industry.
Overall employment of college professors is projected to grow 11 percent from 2018 to 2028, much faster than the average for all occupations.
Enrollment at postsecondary institutions is expected to continue to rise. The majority of employment growth is likely to be in part-time positions.
College professors who work for 4-year colleges and universities typically need a doctoral degree in their field. Some schools may hire those with a master’s degree or those who are doctoral degree candidates for some specialties, such as fine arts, or for some part-time positions.
Community colleges or career and technical schools also may hire those with a master’s degree. However, some fields have more applicants than available positions. In these situations, institutions can be more selective, and they frequently choose applicants who have a Ph.D. over those with a master’s degree.